The past two years have witnessed Lebanon’s descent into Hell. As internal and external risk factors keep piling up, observers are ever more concerned that the Land of Cedars is on the brink of a new civil war. Based on the words of former militiamen who fought during the civil war of 1975-1990, this survey revisits certain “lessons (not?) learned” in the field of violent (dis)engagement.Download the Focus Paper 42
Research line: Middle East and North Africa
Source photo : https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/ Shiite Muslim AMAL militiaman firing his AK-47 assault rifle during skirmishes with Druze irregulars on Corniche-al-Mazraa road in West Beirut, Lebanon
Focus Paper 42
Taking Up Arms and Laying Them Down: Lessons Learned from the Lebanese Civil War?